The Athan (Call to Prayer) According to 5 Islamic Schools of Law

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Maliki

Shafi’I

Hanbali

Hanafi

Imami

When to call the Adhan:

The Malikis say: It is not valid for a supererogatory or funeral prayer or for an obligatory daily prayer performed after the lapsing of its time (al-salat al- fa'itah).

The Shafi'is do not consider it valid for janazah, mandhurah and nawafil prayers.

The Hanbalis observe: It is not valid to make adhan for a funeral prayer (salatal-janazah) or for a supererogatory prayer (al-salat al nafilah) or for one performed to fulfill a vow (al-salat al-mandhurah).

The Hanafis state: It is not valid for the prayers performed on the two celebrations ('idayn), for the prayer performed on the occurrence of an eclipse (salat al- kusuf), for prayers made for rain (istisqa'), and for tarawth and sunnah prayers.

The Imamis observe: The Shari'ah has introduced adhan only for the five daily salats, and it is mustahabb for them, whether performed as ada' or qada', with a group (jama'ah) or singly (furada), during journey or stay, both for men and women. It is not valid for any other salat, mustahabb or wajib, and the Performer (mu'adhdhin) will just call out "al-salat" three times on occasions of salat al-kusuf and 'Idayn.

The Conditions for Adhan:

maintaining continuity of its recital and the sequence of its different parts, and that the mu'adhdhin be a sane Muslim man. Adhan by a child of discerning age is valid. Taharah is not required for adhan.

It is not valid for an Arab to make adhan in any other language, though it is valid for a non Arab to make it in his own tongue, for himself and his co-linguals.

Adhan is valid even without niyyah. The other schools require niyyah.

It is not valid for an Arab to make adhan in any other language, though it is valid for a non Arab to make it in his own tongue, for himself and his co-linguals.

The Hanbalis consider making adhan in any language other than Arabic as being unconditionally valid.

Adhan is valid even without niyyah. The other schools require niyyah.

It is not valid for an Arab to make adhan in any other language, though it is valid for a non Arab to make it in his own tongue, for himself and his co-linguals.

The Imamis observe: Adhan is not valid before the arrival of the time of salat except in the case of salat al-fajr.

Form of Athan:

Allahu Akbar

Twice

four times

four times

four times

four times

Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah

twice

twice

twice

twice

Twice

Ashhadu anna Muhammadan rasul Allah

Twice

 

Twice

 

Twice

 

Twice

 

Twice

Hayya 'ala al-salat

Twice

Twice

Twice

Twice

Twice

Hayya'ala al- falah

Twice

Twice

Twice

Twice

Twice

Hayyah 'ala khayril-'amal

None

None

None

None

Twice

Allahu akbar

Twice

Twice

Twice

Twice

Twice

La ilaha illallah

Once

Once

Once

Once

Twice

Iqamah:

 

 

it is mustahabb to recite iqamah before every daily obligatory salat, with the salat immediately following it.

it is mustahabb to recite iqamah before every daily obligatory salat, with the salat immediately following it.

it is mustahabb to recite iqamah before every daily obligatory salat, with the salat immediately following it.

it is mustahabb to recite iqamah before every daily obligatory salat, with the salat immediately following it.

it is mustahabb to recite iqamah before every daily obligatory salat, with the salat immediately following it.

Allahu akbar

Twice

Twice

Twice

Four Times

Twice

Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah

Once

Once

Once

Twice

 

Twice

 

Ashhadu ana Muhammadun rasulullah Once Once Once Twice Twice

Hayya 'ala as-salat

Once

Once

Once

Twice

 

Twice

 

Hayya 'ala al-falah

Once

Once

Once

Twice

 

Twice

 

Hayya'ala khayr il-'amal

None

None

None

None

Twice

Qad qamat is-salat

Once

Twice

Twice

Twice

Twice

Allahu akbar

Twice

Twice

Twice

Twice

Twice

La ilaha illallah

Once

Once

Once

Once

Once

Adapted from:

Call for Prayer According to Five Islamic Schools of Law

By: 'Allamah Muhammad Jawad Maghniyyah